​​USD/INR faces some selling pressure ahead of US Retail Sales data
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​​USD/INR faces some selling pressure ahead of US Retail Sales data

  • Indian Rupee holds positive ground amid the US Dollar sales from state-run banks on Tuesday. 
  • The upside of the INR might be limited amid the Fed’s hawkish tone and higher crude oil prices. 
  • Investors await the US Retail Sales data for fresh impetus, which is due on Tuesday. 

The Indian Rupee (INR) gains ground amid the weaker Greenback on Tuesday. The uptick of the INR is bolstered by US Dollar (USD) sales from state-run banks. However, the upside of the local currency might be limited as the cautious stance of US Federal Reserve (Fed) officials is likely to influence the US Dollar (USD) for the time being. Additionally, the rebound of crude oil prices might weigh on the INR. It’s worth noting that India is the third largest consumer of Oil behind the US and China. 

Nonetheless, the potential foreign exchange intervention by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) might support the Indian Rupee and cap the upside for the pair. Looking ahead, US Retail Sales is due on Tuesday, which is estimated to improve by 0.2% MoM in May. The strong consumer spending might further boost the Greenback against the INR. Apart from this, Fed members Lisa Cook, Thomas Barkin, Adriana Kugler, Lorie Logan, Alberto Musalem, and Austan Goolsbee are scheduled to speak later on Tuesday.

Daily Digest Market Movers: Indian Rupee edges higher despite the Fed’s hawkish stance

  • The Indian Rupee is likely to remain rangebound between 83.40 and 83.70 this week, said HDFC Securities FX research analyst Dilip Parmar.
  • India will continue to be the fastest-growing economy in Asia-Pacific in 2024, sustaining last year's domestically driven momentum, according to the rating agency Moody’s. 
  • Philadelphia Fed President Patrick Harker said on Monday that if the US economy performed as he expected, the Fed would be able to cut its benchmark interest rate once this year, per Reuters. 
  • Cleveland Fed Bank President Loretta Mester and Chicago Fed Bank President Austan Goolsbee emphasized the need for more confidence and said they would wait for the data.
  • The US NY Empire State Manufacturing Index recovered to -6.0 in June from the previous reading of -15.6 in May, above the forecast of -9.0. The index has remained in contraction territory since November of last year.
  • Investors see a nearly 62% chance of a rate cut from the US Fed on September 18, according to the CME’s FedWatch Tool. 

Technical analysis: USD/INR keeps bullish vibe in the longer term

The Indian Rupee trades weaker on the day. The bullish outlook of the USD/INR pair remains intact as the pair has been making higher highs and higher lows since the start of June, and holding above the key 100-day Exponential Moving Average (EMA) on the daily chart. The upward momentum is supported by the 14-day Relative Strength Index (RSI), which stands in bullish territory around 55.50.

In the bullish case, the immediate resistance level for the pair will emerge at 83.60 (high of June 11). Any follow-through buying above this level will pave the way to 83.72 (high of April 17) en route to the 84.00 psychological mark.  

On the flip side, the key support level for USD/INR is located at 83.35 (100-day EMA). A breach of this level could expose 83.00 (round figure), followed by 82.78 (low of January 15). 

US Dollar price today

The table below shows the percentage change of US Dollar (USD) against listed major currencies today. US Dollar was the weakest against the Australian Dollar.

USD   0.14% 0.21% 0.14% -0.13% 0.16% 0.22% 0.17%
EUR -0.10%   0.10% 0.03% -0.25% 0.07% 0.14% 0.07%
GBP -0.21% -0.06%   -0.07% -0.36% -0.03% 0.03% -0.02%
CAD -0.14% 0.00% 0.06%   -0.30% 0.04% 0.10% 0.04%
AUD 0.14% 0.31% 0.36% 0.29%   0.33% 0.39% 0.35%
JPY -0.16% -0.03% 0.02% -0.04% -0.30%   0.04% 0.00%
NZD -0.20% -0.09% -0.04% -0.08% -0.38% -0.04%   -0.06%
CHF -0.17% -0.04% 0.03% -0.04% -0.33% -0.01% 0.07%  

The heat map shows percentage changes of major currencies against each other. The base currency is picked from the left column, while the quote currency is picked from the top row. For example, if you pick the Euro from the left column and move along the horizontal line to the Japanese Yen, the percentage change displayed in the box will represent EUR (base)/JPY (quote).

Indian Rupee FAQs

The Indian Rupee (INR) is one of the most sensitive currencies to external factors. The price of Crude Oil (the country is highly dependent on imported Oil), the value of the US Dollar – most trade is conducted in USD – and the level of foreign investment, are all influential. Direct intervention by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in FX markets to keep the exchange rate stable, as well as the level of interest rates set by the RBI, are further major influencing factors on the Rupee.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) actively intervenes in forex markets to maintain a stable exchange rate, to help facilitate trade. In addition, the RBI tries to maintain the inflation rate at its 4% target by adjusting interest rates. Higher interest rates usually strengthen the Rupee. This is due to the role of the ‘carry trade’ in which investors borrow in countries with lower interest rates so as to place their money in countries’ offering relatively higher interest rates and profit from the difference.

Macroeconomic factors that influence the value of the Rupee include inflation, interest rates, the economic growth rate (GDP), the balance of trade, and inflows from foreign investment. A higher growth rate can lead to more overseas investment, pushing up demand for the Rupee. A less negative balance of trade will eventually lead to a stronger Rupee. Higher interest rates, especially real rates (interest rates less inflation) are also positive for the Rupee. A risk-on environment can lead to greater inflows of Foreign Direct and Indirect Investment (FDI and FII), which also benefit the Rupee.

Higher inflation, particularly, if it is comparatively higher than India’s peers, is generally negative for the currency as it reflects devaluation through oversupply. Inflation also increases the cost of exports, leading to more Rupees being sold to purchase foreign imports, which is Rupee-negative. At the same time, higher inflation usually leads to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) raising interest rates and this can be positive for the Rupee, due to increased demand from international investors. The opposite effect is true of lower inflation.